- Tobacco use is considered the single most significant cause of preventable illness, disability and premature mortality in Canada and in most other developed countries.
- Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer; an estimated 85% to 90% of lung cancer cases are attributed to smoking.
- Smoking also causes leukemia and cancers of the bladder, kidney, pancreas, oral cavity, pharynx, stomach, esophagus, cervix and larynx.
- Smoking causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is estimated that 75% of chronic bronchitis and emphysema cases result from smoking.3
- In addition to COPD, smoking causes acute respiratory illnesses and major respiratory symptoms.
- Smoking causes coronary heart disease, stroke and diseases of the blood vessels
- Smoking has been linked to a plethora of other health problems (cataracts, hip fractures, low bone density in post-menopausal women, peptic ulcer disease, periodontitis, reduced fertility in women, etc.).
- In 2002, an estimated 37,209 Canadian and 3,023 Albertan deaths were attributable to tobacco use.
- Most tobacco-attributable deaths were from cancer, cardiovascular diseases and respiratory diseases.
- Switching to “light” cigarettes does not lower the risk of tobacco-related disease.
- Other tobacco products are linked to many of the same health problems as cigarettes.
Source: Tobacco Basics Handbook Third Edition, 2008. Alberta Health Services.
For the original document and full references, visit: http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/AddictionsSubstanceAbuse/if-res-tbh-health-consequences.pdf